Goryeo Celadon porcelain has been highly praised for its beauty, for over 12 centuries, particularly by the Chinese, who originally made porcelain themselves. Japanese porcelain is also derived from the white porcelain of the Joseon period.
Earthenware was made by Korean pottery workers using
their artistic philosophy and wisdom
Korean pottery has developed over the last 1000 years to become unique in creation and design, and is now recognized worldwide for its originality. The underlying philosophy of the Goryo & Joseon periods was reflected in the early designs, and the city of I Cheon, is perhaps most famous for a long established tradition of making pottery.
Earthenware was used in Korea 6,000~5,000BC for similar purposes as countries such as China, India, West Asia, and Egypt. Korean earthenware pottery, ¡®Bitsalmuni¡¯, was produced and used throughout Korea. whilst Chinese pottery, traditionally green, was imported from China.
Since Chinese pottery was introduced in Korea in 1,000 BC, the development of Korean pottery is closely related to Chinese pottery, and Korean potters lead the way in introducing their techniques to the world. The quality and utilization of the pottery varied in Korea since 300 BC, becoming more important in daily life than any other material. Korean pottery workers, influenced by Chinese techniques, made Celadon Porcelain in Korea in the middle of 9th Century.
Celadon and White Porcelains were produced maintaining the spirit of the Goryeo pottery culture of the 11th and 12th centuries. The period is famed for the deep red color of much pottery, and this was achieved by oxidizing copper. A pottery called ¡®Bun Cheong¡¯ was produced in 15~ 16 BC in the earlier period of Goryeo.
¡®Bun Cheong¡¯pottery, made in Goryeo, is valued for its originality. The pots are either simply decorated with a creative design, or white clay is plastered on the blue green pot.
'Bun Cheong¡¯and White porcelain are representative of the Joseon period. White porcelain originates from the beginning of the Goryeo period, but actually became popular in later Joseon era. ¡®Cheong Wha Baek Ja¡¯, with a Gray blue design, is a white porcelain typical of the time.
As for the development of the Korean pottery, big pots have been made since the prehistoric age in ancient Korea, the quality gradually developing. Glazed ware became popular in later part of the Goryeo age and in the early Joseon reign pottery with a dark brown glaze became a necessity of life.
Some Celadon Porcelain was a beautiful jade green, and this was considered especially valuable and rare as it was difficult to fabricate porcelain in that color. Celadon Porcelain¡¯s elegant form also demonstrates how Koreans regard the pottery as an art form in itself, and the characteristics of Korean fine art are apparent through the elegant form of the celadon porcelain.
Goryeo artists were remarkable at of molding the celadon porcelain. The character of the Celadon Porcelain a balanced and refined. This is in stark contrast to the strong form of porcelain made in China.
Many kinds of white porcelain such as ¡®Sanggambaekja¡¯, and ¡®Cheonghwabaekja¡¯ are classified according to technique as well as material and design. Artists made the most pots, and the minimalist simplicity of that artistic era is reflected in basic designs and decorations.
Baekja, white porcelain of Joseon, represents the beauty of simplicity. The philosophy of the artists of Joseon originated from the mentality of Joseon¡¯s people. Simplicity was highly valued in the period of Joseon.