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 Home >> Education >> Ceramic art
History of Each Kinds of Korean Porcelain
The porcelain is one of the best way of express Korean Art. Inside of it, there are many cultural ways of living for Kor...
Ceramic Ware Workshop
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Korean porcelain, Ceramic art

The effort of creating more solid and sophisticated ceramic art helped to develop korean art culture, since men started to create earthenware dish.

The origin of porcelain

An earthenware dish was so fragile that it easily destroyed. Using improved raw materials and new technique in high temperature helped to create better quality of pottery. However, the invention of latex was necessary to make smooth surface as well as to protect from humidity.

The invention of latex made possible to produce thin glass cover. Water proof porcelain is infinitely used as a convenient living tool for all generation. And It provided an abundant life.

Characteristic of Korean pottery

The porcelain civilization separated into two major parts from the moment of invention of latex. Oriental area, for instance, East asia and central of Egypt fail to discover the high temperature technique. Whereas China and Korea became leading countries in manufacturing fine potteries such as CheongJa (blue porcelain) and BaekJa (white porcelain). Since different colors of porcelains can be produced only in high temperature, these uncommon potteries valued much more than metal or glass products. Therefore, East and West of asia developed their own way of ceramic art.

The latex used in low temperature contains zinc which can be harmful. Therefore porcelain produced from low temperature was made in purpose of decoration or fancy goods in architecture. Contrary, porcelain from high temperature was used from food plates to all kinds of living tools. In the oriental region (low temperature method), ceramic art was an expression of casuality. Whereas in east asia, (high temperature method), ceramic art became essential living tools and convenience. That is why the ceramic art is so important in korean culture.

Korean started to create earthenware approximately 5000~6000 years ago, same time as Egypt, West Asia, Indonesia and China. Korean porcelain has greatly affected in ceramic art because they used striped form of decoration which was unique and that has expanded all over the country. From 1000 years ago, the pottery became an important tool of living in Korean culture just like Chines porcelain and Korea has become one of the leading ceramic art country in the world since then.

Since high-temperature method was found, porcelain's quality has improved. Also, the pottery has became universal and highly used in many different ways. During the 6th century, Korean used wood as a low material and China's low-temperature method was approved in Korea. Combining two methods made Korean ceramic art even more creative and progressive.

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